Published at Sunday, September 23rd 2018. by Anika Beitz in Stair.
The stair is now laid on its back and (starting from the bottom step) the treads are laid in position, fitting perfectly without gaps. As each tread is positioned it is attached to the rear riser. Once all treads are positioned, the stair is laid on its side again and the end screws through the brackets are inserted. The fasteners attaching the tread to the top of the rise may be inserted as blind screws (using pocket holes in the risers) or blocks from the underside or simply using finished nails from the top.
Curved stairs are not as safe as a strait set of stairs. Curved stairs get very narrow on one side. A curved set of steps may be difficult to negotiate in an emergency or fire situation. Handrails should be installed on at least one side of the stairs that has two or more risers. Properly configured stair handrails should 34 inches high and they should be designed to comfortably accommodate a person wrapping their hand around the rail. Guardrails also should accompany a handrail system on a properly configured set of steps. The gaps should be only 4 inches wide so that the body of a child can not fit though the openings.
The first stringer can be laid on the floor using blocks and one end of each riser is attached to each bracket so that the risers are in a vertical position in relation to the stringer. The risers are attached to each bracket using blind screws through the holes in the brackets. The second stringer is then positioned over the opposite ends of the risers and attached. A clamp may be used to pull the stringers tight against the riser ends. This one step will eliminate up to 80% of the custom fitting normally required for conventional stairs.
Stair lifts are chairs that run on tracks attached to stair treads that lift a person up or down the stairs safely. They are an enormous help to someone living alone who has trouble navigating stairs, and for those who live with a spouse, relative or other loved one who is not capable of the hard physical work of carrying the person up and down the stairs. A stair lift usually benefits more people than just the person who uses it. There are a number of reasons why people have trouble going up and down staircases: arthritis, diabetic foot complications, neurological conditions, or a decline in strength due to aging. Giving up the independence of going up and down stairs can be a terrible blow to a person’s morale and self esteem. Suddenly half the house is out of reach, and that person’s world shrinks considerably.
Proper stair design has a maximum rise of eight inches, a minimum run of nine inches and a minimum tread width of 9.25 inches. A safe and properly configured stairway should be at 34 inches wide. As a rule the wider steps are safer then narrow stairs. There needs to be adequate headroom above the set of stairs. The required headroom is at least 6 foot 6 inches. When there is a door at the top of a set of steps, it should open away from the stairs for safety reasons. If a door opens toward the stairs a landing is needed so a person opening the door will not be able to push someone on the stairs.
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